Birds are often admired for their beauty and the freedom their flight suggests. Yet when they swarm in large numbers, they can become a nightmare for property owners. This article introduces the essentials of bird pest control, showing you how to recognise and confront these winged adversaries effectively.


The negative impacts of bird populations


Pest birds such as the Indian myna and European starling not only disrupt the ecological balance but also pose serious threats to agriculture, infrastructure, and native wildlife. Through selective feeding, these birds can decimate crops and horticultural fields, incurring significant financial losses. Further distress arises in urban environments, where their nesting and droppings lead to infrastructural degradation. In natural settings, the predation and territorial behaviors of pest birds can be detrimental to indigenous species, including frogs, reptiles, and smaller birds. Moreover, the interactions of pest birds with other species elevate disease risks, affecting the well-being of both the environment and human health.


Property damage caused by birds


Bird populations are infamously known for causing extensive property damage due to their natural behaviors. Their droppings, rich in acidic content, can ruin and permanently stain a variety of surfaces including roofs and buildings. Accumulations of feathers and detrimental nesting materials can obstruct water drainage systems and are capable of compromising structural integrity. Nests can block pipes, interfere with the functionality of solar panels, and can lead to dislocated tiles as birds attempt to enter roof voids. Moreover, certain bird species, such as cockatoos, use their strong beaks to break off materials including wood, inflating the cost of property maintenance and repairs.


cockatoo eating house
Flickr – RhonddaL

Transmission of diseases through bird droppings


The issue of bird droppings extends beyond property aesthetics, as they are vectors for over 60 types of transmissible diseases and ectoparasites. Notable health risks involve diseases like Cryptococcosis, Psittacosis, and Histoplasmosis. Those in proximity to pigeon droppings run the risk of contracting Cryptococcosis, which can manifest severe respiratory conditions and meningitis. Psittacosis, potentially contracted through dried bird droppings, mirrors flu-like symtoms. Additionally, Histoplasmosis poses a threat, as the fungal infection is acquired by inhaling spores found in bird droppings, delivering further health complications.


Aggressive behaviour of birds


During breeding season, birds often display increased levels of aggression as a means of safeguarding their offspring. Such aggressive behaviour can escalate into risks for humans, from physical assaults to the indirect spread of diseases like salmonellosis and encephalitis. Sydney is home to many magpies and these birds can pose a risk from swooping when they are nesting. The signs of a potential infestation may be present if an area witnesses abundant insect activity or houses numerous birds. Pest birds also attract various insects and vermin due to their nesting habits, adding to the urgency for early detection. Implementing effective deterrent and control measures is crucial in averting aggressive bird behaviour, a task often best managed by pest control professionals.


Increased insect attraction


Bird infestations are closely tied to a heightened presence of insects such as fleas, flies, and cockroaches, which are attracted to the areas where birds congregate. This secondary pest problem can significantly deteriorate living conditions and signal the need for immediate bird control intervention. The symbiotic relationship between birds and insects leads to a compound pest issue. Observing increased insect activity in an area may be indicative of a bird problem, necessitating swift action to address the root cause and mitigate the resulting complications.



Property damage caused by birds


The presence of pest birds can lead to significant property damage, necessitating effective bird pest control measures. The acidic nature of bird droppings is notorious for the damage it can inflict on various surfaces. Such droppings, rich in uric acid, can stain and even corrode building materials, resulting in heightened maintenance and repair costs.

In addition to causing aesthetic damage, bird-related debris like feathers and nesting materials can lead to functional issues. Gutters and drainage systems clogged with these items can cause water damage during rainstorms and compromise roof structures. Even more alarming, bird nests have the potential to obstruct pipes, adversely affect the efficiency of solar panels, and displace roof tiles as birds seek shelter in roof voids.

Moreover, certain species, such as cockatoos, can amplify the problem due to their powerful beaks. These birds can gnaw and break off pieces of wood and other materials, creating further structural damage to properties.

It is clear that bird infestations pose a risk not only to the aesthetic appearance of structures but also to their physical integrity.


Property Damage by Birds Effects
Bird Droppings Corrosion, staining
Nesting Materials Clogged drains, roof damage
Nests in Roof Voids Blocked pipes, damaged solar panels
Physical Damage by Beaks Structural damage to buildings

Transmission of diseases through bird droppings


The presence of pest birds can not only be a nuisance but also a public health concern due to the diseases associated with their droppings. These droppings can harbour over 60 transmittable diseases and ectoparasites, posing various health risks to humans. One notable disease is Cryptococcosis, often found in pigeon droppings, which can result in severe respiratory diseases and even meningitis if not treated properly.

Another bacterial infection that stems from bird droppings is Psittacosis. This disease closely mimics flu-like symptoms and arises after inhaling dried remnants of droppings, primarily from pigeons and parrots. Lastly, Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection that can affect the lungs after inhaling spore-laden bird droppings.


bird control
Viktor Keri – Unsplash


These diseases underscore the significance of managing bird populations and maintaining bird-free environments, especially in urban areas where pest birds are common.


Disease Source Health Risk
Cryptococcosis Pigeon droppings Respiratory issues, meningitis
Psittacosis Dried bird droppings Flu-like symptoms
Histoplasmosis Droppings spores Respiratory problems


Ensuring cleanliness and implementing proper bird pest control measures can mitigate these health risks, providing a safer environment for all.


Aggressive behaviour of birds


Dealing with aggressive bird behaviour, particularly during breeding season, is crucial as they often protect their young assertively. Not only does this pose a safety concern, but such aggression can indicate a deeper issue—bird infestations. Birds nesting en masse can introduce other pests like fleas, flies, and even rodents due to the increase in shelter and food sources their presence provides. This adds complexity to the challenge of creating a bird-free environment.

Increased instances of bird aggression may signal the presence of a larger pest bird species population. Notably, the health risks associated with aggressive birds are not to be underestimated. Birds can host over 60 transmittable diseases, including salmonellosis and encephalitis, threatening the health of employees and customers alike. Signs such as frequent insect activity or persistent bird presence are red flags and may demand an intervention from pest control experts.

Early detection and immediate action are vital. Professional bird pest control services with experienced technicians can implement effective bird deterrent procedures, ensuring an effective outcome. Approaches to control may include the use of bird spikes, bird repellents, or simulating the presence of a bird predator to discourage pest birds from nesting and causing damage to buildings. Ensuring a prompt and effective solution minimizes the health risks and potential for structural damage linked with aggressive bird-related issues.



pigeon bird pest control Arturo Ruiz – Unsplash



Increased insect attraction


Bird infestations not only cause direct issues but also lead to increased insect attraction. Areas where birds are prevalent, such as rooftops or ledges, can become hotbeds for insect activity. This is due to the symbiotic relationship between birds and certain pests. Insects such as fleas, flies, cockroaches, and even rodents may be drawn to locations where birds congregate.

The presence of these insects can be a telling sign of a potential bird infestation. Their increased activity around bird gathering spots signals a pest bird problem that may require attention. This secondary pest issue exacerbates the concerns of bird pest presence, making effective control measures even more critical.

Consider the following table that outlines the mutual attraction between birds and common insects:


Bird Presence Attracted Insect Types Indicators of Infestation
High Fleas, Flies Visible insects, bites
Moderate Cockroaches Droppings, carcasses
Low Mice Gnaw marks, droppings


It’s imperative to observe these signs early to implement timely bird control measures, thus averting further pest-related problems. Professional help can provide an effective outcome and a bird-free environment, maintaining the integrity of your property and ensuring health risks are minimised.


Signs of a bird infestation


Recognising the signs of a bird infestation is crucial for maintaining the integrity of your property and mitigating health risks. One conspicuous indicator is the presence of bird droppings, which are not only unsightly but highly corrosive. These droppings can damage building material, leading to costly repairs due to their acidic nature.

Moreover, nesting birds can lead to another concerning issue: a foul odor. This smell arises from accumulated droppings and remnants of food, which can pervade your property and is particularly noticeable during the breeding season.

In addition, where birds nest, insects often follow. Consequently, an increase in insect activity within a building might hint at a bird infestation, creating additional pest-related problems.

Scattered nesting materials are a visual clue that birds have taken up residence in or around a structure. Such materials not only contribute to the untidy appearance but also pose fire risks.

Finally, clogged gutters and drains full of feathers or nesting materials can lead to water damage and are a tell-tale sign of a bird problem. It’s important to address these issues promptly through effective bird pest control to prevent more significant structural damage and maintain a bird-free environment.


Common Signs Implications
Bird Droppings Corrosive; Damage to Buildings
Foul Odor Nesting Birds; Health Risks
Increased Insects Suggestive of Bird Infestation
Nesting Materials Fire Hazard; Bird Presence
Clogged Gutters/Drains Water Damage; Nesting Indication


For effective bird control, it is vital to seek professional bird pest control services with experienced technicians who can offer a wide range of bird control solutions tailored to the specific bird species causing the problem.

Tailored strategies offered by bird pest control companies


Bird pest control companies recognise the significance of addressing the issue of pest birds without compromising the welfare of these birds and the environment. To combat the nuisance and damage caused by bird populations, these companies (such as South Sydney Pest Control) offer tailored strategies to deter pest birds effectively.

Utilising a range of bird control products, professionals employ customised bird pest control measures suitable for various scenarios. For example, bird spikes prevent birds from perching and nesting on ledges,


bird spikes
Image by Fuglepigger: Wikipedia


while bird netting stops them from accessing specific areas. Additionally, wire systems and bird-friendly deterrents are also used, ensuring that non-target species remain unharmed.

Expert technicians, experienced in handling bird-related issues, assess each situation thoroughly. Solutions are designed considering the types of birds, building material, and the specific bird predator challenges faced, including the risk of pigeon infestation and bird mite spread.

Through a conscientious approach, bird pest control services strive to maintain a bird-free environment, addressing problems such as bird droppings, health risks, and structural damage, especially during the breeding season. Their goal is a safe, effective outcome that provides a lasting solution to pest bird species while ensuring minimal disruption to the ecosystem.


Control Method Use Case Features
Bird Spikes Ledges, beams, and signs Prevent perching and nesting
Netting Agriculture, buildings, parking lots Deter bird access
Wire Systems Rooftops, window sills Discrete bird deterrent
Bird-friendly Deterrents Gardens, patios Eco-safe options


With a mission to foster a harmonious coexistence between humans and birds, professional bird pest control ensures that their approach is as benevolent as it is effective.

Selecting the appropriate bird control method is vital for lasting success, and there is a wide selection of bird control solutions to match the requirements of various scenarios and pest bird species. Each solution is for a specific situation, effectively creating a bird-free environment and minimising property damage.


Solution Type Application Benefits
Bird Spikes Building ledges, window sills, signage Prevent birds from nesting/perching
Bird Netting Gardens, rooftops, warehouses Exclude birds from areas
Wire Barriers Architectural features, beams Discreet prevention of roosting
Electric Shock Tracks Edges of buildings Humanely deter birds from landing
Optical Gels Flat rooftops, across wide surfaces Create visual deterrent


Methods of bird pest control


Pest birds can create numerous problems for property owners, causing damage to buildings, health risks from bird droppings, and even structural issues. Effectively managing bird pest problems requires a multipart approach, utilizing a variety of methods to deter and control different species of birds in different environments. The most effective bird pest control strategies often include a combination of bird repellents, environmental modifications, and physical barriers like bird netting or spikes. Pest control services play a crucial role in assessing the situation and deploying the right mix of solutions tailored to the type of bird pest, the size of the premises, and the severity of the infestation. Bird droppings, a common issue, can generally be removed with a solution of water and mild detergent, though care should be taken to ensure the area is thoroughly rinsed after cleaning. Residential pest control experts, South Sydney Pest Control take care of bird pest control issues for your property.



Bird netting


One of the most effective bird control measures is the installation of bird netting. Made from durable polyethylene twine that is resistant to ultraviolet rays, bird netting acts as a physical barrier, preventing birds from entering spaces or landing on surfaces where they are not wanted. It can be customized to fit different areas, such as rooftops, car parks, and varied outdoor spaces. The addition of zippers in the netting allows maintenance personnel to access fixtures such as lighting and fire systems without compromising the barrier. Not only does bird netting provide immediate relief from pest birds, it also proves to be a long-term, cost-effective solution offering 100% exclusion.



bird netting
By Avenue – Own Work – Wikipedia


Bird netting is an adaptable and sturdy solution for bird pest control, ensuring a bird-free environment across a variety of settings. Made from durable polyethylene twine that is impervious to ultraviolet rays, this type of netting not only offers long-lasting protection but also effectively thwarts both small and large pest birds.

The customization of bird netting allows it to seamlessly integrate into numerous spaces such as rooftops, car parks, and expansive outdoor areas to prevent pest birds from establishing their presence. Such versatility is manifested in its uses, from shielding food courts from avian nuisances to protecting the public from birds of prey that may drop rocks.

An ingeniously practical feature of this netting is the inclusion of zippers, which permit easy access to areas requiring maintenance, like fire sprinklers or lighting systems, without compromising the integrity of the protective barrier.

Bird netting delivers immediate control upon installation, ensuring 100% exclusion of unwanted birds. Its efficacy not only offers an evident effective outcome but also provides substantial long-term value by safeguarding properties from the risks and structural damage often associated with bird infestations.




Another method for bird control is the installation of stainless steel spikes. These are designed to make surfaces uncomfortable for birds such as pigeons and seagulls, which may otherwise roost on signage, ledges, or other architectural features. The material is weather-resistant, ensuring long-term use, and the spikes can be altered to accommodate the specific design needs of a building. Discreet in appearance, these spikes can be installed using a specialized adhesive, suitable for a diverse array of surfaces. The goal is to prevent birds from gaining a foothold, thus protecting structures and individuals alike from bird-related issues.

Bird spikes have are a practical solution for property owners facing issues with pest birds. Constructed from high-grade stainless steel, these bird control products are engineered to endure a variety of weather conditions, which makes them a durable option for long-term bird deterrence.

A critical advantage of stainless steel bird spikes is their design adaptability. They can either be curved or cut to blend seamlessly with the architectural nuances of any building, thereby maintaining aesthetic integrity while preventing birds from roosting. Mainly targeting larger pest bird species such as pigeons or seagulls, bird spikes are strategically positioned on various property points—business signage, lights, ledges, or window sills—to create a bird-free environment.

Installation is straightforward thanks to a specially formulated adhesive, making these spikes suitable for a wide range of surfaces without causing structural damage. Despite their robust construction, the spikes are discreet and maintain a low profile, not detracting from the building’s visual appeal.

By opting for bird spikes, property owners can effectively keep larger birds at bay, thus avoiding bird-related issues like droppings and potential health risks associated with pest bird infestations.


bird spikes
Bird Control Spike – Tomasz Sienicki



Electric deterrents


Electric deterrents offer a modern solution in bird pest control. Systems like the Flex Track deliver a mild electric shock that discourages birds from landing on treated areas. Rentokil’s electric bird deterrent system combines PVC and stainless steel components for a durable, harmless device. Additionally, optical bird scarers, such as the Rentokil Eagle Eye, utilise light reflection to simulate the presence of bird predators. By emitting light within the ultraviolet and infrared spectrum, they effectively discourage birds without causing physical harm. The Electric Shock Bird Track System operates on the principle of prompting a fear and flight response, thereby conditioning birds to avoid treated areas.

By implementing these bird pest control methods, property owners can enjoy a safe and bird-free environment, all the while ensuring humane treatment of the animals.

Electric deterrents are a humane and technologically advanced approach to bird control, particularly effective against a wide range of pest bird species that can pose health risks and cause structural damage to buildings. One such deterrent is the Flex Track, which delivers a mild and safe electric pulse that discourages birds from roosting on edifices. This not only prevents an unhygienic accumulation of bird droppings but also contributes to maintaining a bird-free environment.

Renowned for its resilience, the Rentokil electric bird deterrent system combines PVC and stainless steel components, ensuring it stands the test of time against harsh weather conditions. Rentokil’s systems, including the innovative Eagle Eye optical bird scarers, provide a bird control solution that mimics the presence of a bird predator. By reflecting light bands, particularly those in the ultraviolet and infrared spectrum, these scarers exploit a bird’s instinctive aversion to the perceived danger, leading to an effective outcome.


Key Aspects of Electric Deterrents:


  • Flex Track System: Delivers harmless electrical pulses to deter birds.
  • Material Durability: PVC and stainless steel for long-lasting use.
  • Eagle Eye Deterrent: Uses light reflection to mimic predator movements.
  • Spectrum Utilization: Leverages ultraviolet and infrared light to scare birds.

Taking action to prevent further damage


Bird-related issues can cause extensive damage to homes and businesses if not addressed swiftly and effectively. Bird droppings, known to be slippery, present serious fall hazards. The acidity can also cause structural damage, while the blockage of drains and gutters by nesting materials can lead to flooding and fire risks. Therefore, employing preventative tactics to deter pest birds not only safeguards your property but also is more economically savvy.



Proactive Bird Control Strategies


  • Install Bird Spikes: These prevent birds from landing and nesting on your property.
  • Regular Cleaning: Ensures droppings and nesting materials do not accumulate.
  • Bird Nets: Ideal for protecting large enclosed areas like rooftops.
  • Bird Predators: Display models of bird predators to intimidate and drive birds away.

Seeking assistance from experienced technicians for professional bird pest control is a wise investment. These experts have a wide range of bird control products at their disposal and are knowledgeable about different bird species and their behaviors during breeding seasons. The result is an effective outcome: a bird-free environment where potential health risks and damage to the building material are significantly curtailed. An expertly tailored bird control solution does not only remediate current infestations but also prevents future scenarios, especially during peak bird populations, ensuring your property stays well-protected in the long term.


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